As long as there are clear-cut borders, things might be OK. But attitudes hostile to a given group take shape as soon as it gets elevated to a higher status – argues Prof. Marcin Kula

Optical imaging techniques allow us to study physical phenomena on the molecular level

Metamorphic processes – one of the key geological parameters responsible for shaping our planet – can be classified into varying types, each of them delimited by its own set of boundary conditions

The shift from traditional to contemporary medicine in the early 19th century was as fundamental as it was rapid. This revolution was driven by the development of new, effective methods of fighting infections, with the French scholar Louis Pasteur leading the way

Page 20 of 20


It is a scientific website run by the Polish Academy of Sciences` „Academia” magazine editorial staff.Academia We invite you to send us information on your research, your scientific projects being currently carried out and any events that aim at propagating science.


For users: Terms of Use

Use of Cookies

We use cookies to personalize and maximize your online experience, to collect statistical information, show ads and make some parts of the website function more effectively. Cookies are text files that are placed on your hard drive by a web page server. By using our websites you accept all cookies according to the present browser setting.

For more information on use of cookies and how to modify your browser setting to decline all cookies if you prefer, click HERE

Digital Edition


  • Send us a letter

    Redakcja serwisu online
    Academia. Magazyn Polskiej Akademii Nauk
    PKiN, pl. Defilad 1, pok. 2110
    (XXI piętro)
    00-901 Warszawa, Poland

  • E-mail: