They usually are less than a centimeter in diameter, but they can build colonies sometimes running kilometers in length. How do corals manage these massive feats of construction, and what part do single-cell algae play?

We talk with Prof. Witold Rużyłło, MD, PhD, a pioneer of advanced cardiological techiques in Poland, about ongoing progress in interventional cardiology, creating a system for early identification of those at risk of heart disease, and the role of prevention

How can we make Poland’s economy more competitive and productive? By supporting R&D projects pursued jointly by entrepreneurs and scientists and turning their findings into marketable products. This strategy can be very successful, as demonstrated by longstanding collaborative ties between the Military University of Technology and Vigo System S.A., a globally recognized manufacturer of infrared detectors listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange.

Were there glaciers in the Tatras? If so, what did the mountains look like back in the Ice Age? Perhaps similar to the Alps? To journey more than 20,000 years back in time and find answers to these questions, we have created the first 3D paleogeographic map of the Tatras.

In the International Year of Light, Dr. Bogdan Wszołek opened a private observatory in Rzepiennik Biskupi. He writes for us about how he fulfilled his dream and the future he’s planned.

Not enough computing power for data processing? A ridiculous number of man-hours needed to visually inspect collections of raw data? Scientists facing such problems can seek help from volunteers equipped only with computers connected to the Internet. In other words, from practically everybody.

– It gives me great satisfaction to present a set of contributions to the debate that took place on 3 December 2015, at a session of the General Assembly of the Polish Academy of Sciences, and the position statement adopted by the General Assembly (the highest-ranking body of the Academy). This position statement concerns the migration crisis that Europe is currently struggling with, and it represents an attempt to view that crisis both from our national perspective and from the EU perspective.

 

I would like to attempt to describe Poland’s place in the problem I have sketched out. First of all, Poland has been open to immigration for some time and it is starting to be a significant immigration country in the EU. There are no scientific grounds to claim that Polish society is xenophobic (or more xenophobic than other societies in the EU) or that it poses obstacles to the integration of immigrants.

The refugee crisis in Poland is mainly a crisis of attitudes caused to a much larger degree by fear than by the rational calculation of the costs and benefits brought by the influx of refugees from the Middle East and Africa. The situation of foreign nationals as well as their attitudes and behaviors depend largely on attitudes in the host society.

Poland has not experienced any serious problems with immigration or immigrants. At the same time, the position adopted by public opinion and most politicians, which has been shaped by the media, is often very radical. It is likely impossible for that state of affairs to be changed quickly, although that does not mean that we cannot talk about migrations differently than we have to date.

”Nationalist ideologies, depicting their countries as being nation-states, frequently fail to consider the quite numerous “admixtures” that occurred during the course of long-ongoing migrations. Ideologies touting the notion of “racial purity” or raising such slogans as “Poland for the Poles,” “a true Poland of true Poles,” etc. are senseless, not only because of their wickedness but in terms of the material truth.”

Following a debate that took place during the 131st General Assembly of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the members of the Academy adopted a position statement on the issue of migration. In it, they underscored the need for Poland to cooperate with other countries of the European Union and to strive to promote attitudes of mutual openness between the receiving communities and immigrant communities.

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