The conflict over the Constitutional Tribunal, law, and civil society through the eyes of Prof. Ewa Łętowska, lawyer and an ordinary member of the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), a corresponding member of the Polish Academy of Learning (PAU), a member of the Scientific Council of the PAS Institute of Law Studies, the first person to hold office as commissioner for human rights in Poland, a Highest Administrative Court judge in 1999–2002, and a Constitutional Tribunal judge in 2002–2011.

Are videogames more effective at improving brain function than dedicated cognitive training?

One of the fundamental issues raised by scientists in fields as varied as biology, behavioral economics, psychology, and sociology concerns the causes of pro-social behavior, and cooperation in situations in which individuals could benefit by acting selfishly. Why do we honor others’ trust if we would be better off exploiting them? In other words, what is the basis of social order?

The epistolary novel genre evolved from the art of letter writing, as well as from the 18th-century fashion of witty salon conversations centered around games, intrigue, understatement, quips and emotional manipulation. Does the Polish literature and history of the period reflect these conventions?

Over the last 20 years, Polish society’s attitude towards people with disabilities has changed for the better. However, we still have not completely rid ourselves of prejudices, fears, and stereotypes.

We talk to Dr. Mikołaj Kunicki, an Oxford historian specializing in twentieth-century Central and Eastern Europe, about the past and present of Polish nationalism.

For every highest spiritual matter, there is a corresponding key on the keyboard of the body. Zofia Nałkowska, “Count Emil”

Prof. Roman Cieślak from the SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities talks about the emotional challenges of pursuing a career in science.

Why is it that people can end up interpreting what is being said to them in such different ways? A lot depends on whether they happen to be in a good or bad mood.

Małgorzata Godlewska from the SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities defines intuition, explains how it works and what stimuli help us tap into its potential.

Prof.  Mirosław Kofta, a psychologist from the University of Warsaw’s Faculty of Psychology and Institute for Social Studies, discusses political change in Poland, authoritarian personality, and civil society.

Is it possible to revitalize Europe without external interference and a shift in the geopolitical situation outside the Continent? An answer to this question is here offered by Prof. Jan Zielonka, a political scientist analyzing change in Central and Eastern Europe and a lecturer at the European Studies Centre, St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford.

Page 1 of 6


It is a scientific website run by the Polish Academy of Sciences` „Academia” magazine editorial staff.Academia We invite you to send us information on your research, your scientific projects being currently carried out and any events that aim at propagating science.


For users: Terms of Use

Use of Cookies

We use cookies to personalize and maximize your online experience, to collect statistical information, show ads and make some parts of the website function more effectively. Cookies are text files that are placed on your hard drive by a web page server. By using our websites you accept all cookies according to the present browser setting.

For more information on use of cookies and how to modify your browser setting to decline all cookies if you prefer, click HERE

Digital Edition


  • Send us a letter

    Redakcja serwisu online
    Academia. Magazyn Polskiej Akademii Nauk
    PKiN, pl. Defilad 1, pok. 2110
    (XXI piętro)
    00-901 Warszawa, Poland

  • E-mail: