Comets have been amazing and intriguing humanity since time immemorial. For scientists they represent precious time capsules, messengers from the earliest stages of the Solar System’s formation. How long do they live? And does a flyby close to the Sun necessarily spell their demise?

Dr. Jerzy Grygorczuk, head of the Space Mechatronics and Robotics Laboratory, led the team responsible for the construction of the MUPUS penetrator. We talk to him about the Rosetta mission, uncertainty, and patience

In the International Year of Light, Dr. Bogdan Wszołek opened a private observatory in Rzepiennik Biskupi. He writes for us about how he fulfilled his dream and the future he’s planned.


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